Tropical Cyclone: Yaas and Tauktae

Origin and naming of Tauktae:

Tropical Cyclone Tauktae was the fifth name to be used. From the new list and the name has suggested by Myanmar. Tropical cyclone Tauktae is the first cyclone of the year 2021. Set to become the first Severe Cyclone to hit Gujarat. In the month of May 1976, It is likely to cross the Gujarat coast around Diu between 8 pm and 11 pm. The intensity of the storm is likely to remain ‘very severe’ with wind speeds of 155-165 kmph.

The cyclones were named to identify the storms to send out warning notifications about their development.

 As the technical names could be difficult for the common people to remember and spread awareness on. Naming them gives a unique identifier to these cyclones and makes it easier for the media and various authorities to disseminate information on them.

The storm has already claimed at least a dozen lives across the western coast of India. Therefore, it moved from the Lakshadweep area to Gujarat.

 Combined with torrential rainfall, gale winds and lightning could pose a substantial risk to Gujarat. Even though the storm has expected to marginally weaken before landfall. 

Therefore, the national forecaster has kept the entire state of Gujarat under a ‘red alert’ for Monday. This has also followed during Tuesday.

WMO guidelines for Cyclone:

As per the WMO guidelines, if a cyclone is particularly deadly or costly. The name is retired and never used again for any other hurricane. As per the WMO records, infamous storm names such as Mangkhut, Irma and Maria, Haiyan  Sandy Katrina, Mitch and Tracy. These are some of the names of hurricanes that are retired now.

It originated in the Arabian Sea and was first observed by the Indian Meteorological Department on 13 May. Moving eastward, and then subsequently north, while intensifying.

The storm moved along the coast of Karnataka on 15 May. Beginning a rapid intensification from a ‘Severe Cyclonic Storm’ to a ‘Very Severe Cyclonic Storm’, and then to an ‘Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm’.

IMD’s note on tropical cyclone Tauktae:

The IMD categorises tropical storms, which rotate in an anti-clockwise direction, into Depression, Deep Depression, Cyclonic Storm, Severe Cyclonic Storm, Very Severe Cyclonic Storm, Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm, and Super Cyclonic Storm. The last two have wind speeds of over 160 kmph and 210 kmph, respectively.

However, the presence of Tauktae in the Arabian Sea at this time of the year is concerning, and closely follows the very visible trend of an increasing number of severe, strong cyclones in the sea.

Origin and Naming of Tropical cyclone Yaas:

After Cyclone Tauktae hit India’s west coast last week, leaving a trail of destruction, another cyclonic storm is expected to hit the east coast.

 The word ‘Yaas’ is said to have originated from the Persian language, and it means ‘Jasmin’ in English.

India faced two cyclones around May last year, including Cyclone Amphan, which has pronounced as “Um-pun” and means sky. The name had given by Thailand. 

The other cyclone has named Nisarga and had formed in the Arabian Sea. Its name has given by Bangladesh and it meant nature. 

IMD’s note on tropical cyclone Yaas:

According to the press release by IMD, there is likely the low-pressure formation to take place in the Bay of Bengal. Adjoining Andaman sea 22nd May and it is likely to get intensified into a cyclone till the date 24th. It has likely predicted to go near Odisha.

Probability in Cyclonegenisis:

HoursSeverity
24 HoursNil
24-48 HoursLow
48-72 HoursModerate
72- 96 HoursHigh

As predicted by the meteorological department that high chances of heavy rainfall around the Andaman- Nicobar Island. Moderate rainfall in Odisha and West Bengal. 

Sea condition is to be very rough over Andaman sea and adjoining the east-central Bay of Bengal from 21st to 23rd May.

Wind speed has to reach 40-50 kmph gusting to 60 kmph is likely to prevail and the Southeast bay of Bengal.

Government redressal mechanism and pre-disaster planning:

Government strategies for any natural disaster play a crucial role since it is going to influence life and many other things of humankind. One thing is quite understandable since the disaster is of natural form so it’s not going to be that easy to tackle and come up with the solution so easily.

Nature has a strong impact on our day to day cause and its dynamics are not that easy.

Enlisted actions were taken by the government

1.  Isolation of population stays near coastal region to hilly areas with their essentials.

2.  Alerting people about the cyclone and its adversity so that people can get aware and prevent unnecessary roaming in the coastal areas

3.  Several trees and infrastructure had fallen during this cyclone which leads to the restriction of the road for vehicles so that has to be removed so that normal transportation will take place efficiently.

4.  Providing monetary help to the people who had lost their valuable things like properties, expenses to their near one’s treatment who has got injured in the cyclone.

5.  Rapid Rescue Team should be stay alerted so that any such condition happens they should be there on time to rescue peoples.

6. Fisherman advised no go in the deep sea in Odisha and Bangladesh coast. 

7. Medical teams had deployed for emergency response in Bangladesh. 349 shelters had set up, which accommodated half the capacity of people to maintain Covid-19 health restrictions.

8. The NDRF has deployed 65 teams with another 20 teams on reserve. Rescue and relief teams of the Indian army, navy and the coast guard have also deployed over the coastal districts of Odisha and West Bengal.

9. CESC stayed on guard for the cyclone to ensure uninterrupted service also especially for major hospitals and critical establishments like drainage pumping stations.

Government should serve people with proper help, compensation and relief. These hard times are uncertain and cause huge loss of lives, properties and many more.

Conclusion:

Cyclones are natural calamities that strike as violent storms and grievous weather conditions, caused by disturbances in the atmosphere. They lead to great devastations. The effect of a cyclone is terrible, as it destroys everything in its wake. People have left homeless and helpless.

Similarly, we have to make the decision wisely and carefully which we serve for the benefit of society and humankind.

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